The St. Rose of Lima window is on the south nave wall in the far western position.
1) Rose of Lima is portrayed attired in the habit of the Third Order of St. Dominic. She carries a crucifix and a lily, and a padlocked chain sits around her waist. She wore it as a penance. At her mother’s request, her confessor forbade her to continue this practice. Rose then made a girdle of the chain, drew it around her waist and fastened it with a lock. She threw away the key because she was afraid she would be tempted to remove the chain. Above her is the Christ Child surrounded by roses. A devil stands at her feet.
2) St. Rose and other tertiaries (religious lay people) gather in the Church of Santo Domingo for Mass. The sacristan forgot to give palm branches to St. Rose. Some tertiaries accused Rose of being too eager to have them. When she passed the statue of the Holy Rosary, Rose begged for forgiveness. The statues became animated and smiled. The Christ Child said to Rose, “Rose of my heart, be thou my spouse.” Rose bowed her head and promised eternal fidelity to Christ. The white and gold beads symbolize the fifteen mysteries of the rosary.
3) This medallion is a symbol of the self-offering of St. Rose during the Peruvian rebellion. When she was 25, the native Indians rebelled against the Spanish Conquistadors. The natives reverted to their historic behavior. Attempts to suppress the revolt failed. Rose prayed, scourged herself, and pleaded with God to accept the offering of her suffering and to restore peace. In the end, the natives made allegiance to Spain, and peace was restored. The Peruvian Indians are depicted on the left and the Spanish soldiers on the right.
4) St. Rose chose to join the Dominicans over the Carmelites. The convents in Lima knew Rose would join a religious order, and therefore they vied for her. Rose went to a Dominican church to pray. When she could not physically leave the church, she saw it as a sign to join the Dominicans. Once she made her decision, she was able to get up and leave.
5) Bl. Jane of Portugal stands wearing the veil of the Second Order. At her feet are the Arms of Portugal with five small shields.
6) Bl. Jane governed Portugal while her father and brother fought the Moors. She is depicted giving alms, for which she was famous.
7) Despite a severe illness, Jane was carried to a chapel to assist in the adoration of the cross.
8) Bl. Imelda Lambertini is the patroness of First Communicants. She wears the veil of the Second Order and points to the symbol of the Blessed Sacrament in her heart. At her feet is a symbol of Calvary, which she erected in a corner of her garden and surrounded with flowers.
9) The medallion symbolizes Blessed Imelda’s charity to the poor, in particular to the members of the mendicant orders.
10) Bl. Imelda’s miraculous First Communion is represented here. At an early age, Imelda had a fervent desire to receive Holy Communion, but she was too young to receive according to the custom of her time. On the feast of the Ascension, after everyone else except Imelda had received Communion, the radiant Host miraculously appeared over her head. Upon receiving it she said, ‘Tell me, how is it possible to receive Jesus into one’s heart and not to die?’ After receiving her First Communion, she collapsed and later died.
11) Aztec symbol of the sun.
12) Balanced across from the Aztec sun is the Christian IHS.
13) The figure is a llama.
14) The tree is a cinchona from the arms of Peru.
The inscription along the bottom reads, ‘ROSE OF THE INDIES EMITS A SWEET ODOR’.